How to Build a PC From Scratch (With Drivers)

How to Build a PC From Scratch (With Drivers)

How to Install Windows 10 on a New PC

This guide will walk you through the process of installing Windows 10 on a new PC. We'll cover everything from creating a bootable USB drive to installing the operating system.

## 1. Create a bootable USB drive

The first step is to create a bootable USB drive that you can use to install Windows 10. You can do this using the Media Creation Tool from Microsoft.

To download the Media Creation Tool, go to the following website:

https://www.microsoft.com/software-download/windows10

Once you have downloaded the Media Creation Tool, run it and follow the on-screen instructions.

When the tool is finished, you will have a bootable USB drive that you can use to install Windows 10.

## 2. Install Windows 10

Once you have created a bootable USB drive, you can start the installation process.

To do this, turn on your PC and insert the USB drive.

Your PC will automatically boot from the USB drive. If it does not, you may need to change the boot order in your BIOS.

Once your PC has booted from the USB drive, you will be presented with a screen that asks you to select your language and keyboard layout.

Select your language and keyboard layout and click "Next".

You will then be presented with a screen that asks you to accept the terms of the license agreement.

Click "Accept" to continue.

You will then be asked to choose a type of installation.

For a clean install, select "Custom: Install Windows only (advanced)".

You will then be prompted to select the drive where you want to install Windows 10.

Select the drive and click "Next".

Windows 10 will now begin to install.

The installation process may take a few minutes.

Once the installation is complete, you will be presented with a screen that asks you to create a username and password.

Enter your username and password and click "Sign in".

You will then be taken to the Windows 10 desktop.

## 3. Activate Windows 10

After you have installed Windows 10, you will need to activate it.

To do this, open the Settings app and go to "Update & Security > Activation".

Under the "Activation" section, you will see a message that tells you whether your copy of Windows 10 is activated.

If your copy of Windows 10 is not activated, you can click the "Activate Windows" button to activate it.

You can activate Windows 10 using a digital license or a product key.

If you have a digital license, you can activate Windows 10 by clicking the "I have a digital license" link and entering your Microsoft account password.

If you have a product key, you can activate Windows 10 by entering the product key in the "Product key" field.

Once you have activated Windows 10, you will be able to use all of the features of the operating system.

Installing Windows 10

To install Windows 10, you will need a USB flash drive with at least 8GB of storage space. You can download the Windows 10 installation media from Microsoft's website.

Once you have downloaded the installation media, follow these steps to install Windows 10:

  1. Boot your computer from the USB flash drive.
  2. Select your language and keyboard layout.
  3. Click "Install Now".
  4. Accept the license terms.
  5. Select the edition of Windows 10 you want to install.
  6. Choose a location to install Windows 10.
  7. Select a username and password for your account.
  8. Click "Install".

Windows 10 will now be installed on your computer.

III. Building the PC

This section will walk you through the process of building your own PC. We'll start by gathering the necessary parts, then we'll put them together step-by-step.

Gathering the parts

The first step is to gather the parts you need for your PC. This includes the following:

  • CPU
  • Motherboard
  • Memory
  • Storage
  • Graphics card
  • Power supply
  • Case
  • Cooling

You can find a list of recommended parts for your budget on our build a PC page.

Putting it together

Once you have all of your parts, you can start putting your PC together. This process is fairly straightforward, but there are a few things you need to keep in mind.

First, make sure that you have a flat surface to work on. You'll also need a Phillips head screwdriver and some thermal paste.

Next, install the CPU and cooler in the motherboard. Make sure that the CPU is properly aligned with the socket and that the cooler is installed securely.

Then, install the memory in the motherboard. The memory slots are usually located near the CPU.

After that, install the storage drive in the case. The storage drive can be either a hard drive or a solid-state drive.

Next, install the graphics card in the motherboard. The graphics card slot is usually located near the top of the motherboard.

Then, install the power supply in the case. The power supply is usually located at the bottom of the case.

Finally, connect all of the cables to the motherboard and the power supply.

Once you've connected all of the cables, you can turn on your PC and see if it works.

4. Installing Windows 10

Once you have built your PC, the next step is to install Windows 10. This process is relatively simple, but there are a few things you need to know before you get started.

First, you will need to download the Windows 10 installation media. You can do this from the Microsoft website. Once you have downloaded the media, you will need to create a bootable USB drive. This can be done using a variety of tools, such as the Windows 10 Media Creation Tool.

Once you have created the bootable USB drive, you can start the installation process. To do this, simply insert the USB drive into your PC and turn it on. You will then be prompted to boot from the USB drive.

The installation process will walk you through the steps of installing Windows 10. You will need to select your language, region, and keyboard layout. You will also need to create a username and password for your account.

Once the installation is complete, you will be able to start using Windows 10 on your new PC.

5. Installing Drivers

Once you have installed Windows 10, the next step is to install the drivers for your hardware. Drivers are software that allow your computer to communicate with your hardware devices, such as your graphics card, sound card, and network adapter.

You can usually find the drivers for your hardware on the manufacturer's website. Once you have downloaded the drivers, you can install them by following the instructions on the manufacturer's website.

If you are having trouble finding or installing the drivers for your hardware, you can use a driver updater tool. Driver updater tools scan your computer for outdated or missing drivers and automatically install the latest versions.

Here are some of the most popular driver updater tools:

Once you have installed the drivers for your hardware, you should restart your computer. This will ensure that the drivers are properly installed and that your hardware is functioning correctly.

VI. Optimizing Windows 10 for gaming

Once you have installed Windows 10 and the necessary drivers, it is time to optimize the operating system for gaming. This can be done by making a few changes to the settings.

First, open the Settings app and go to System > Display. Under the Advanced display settings section, click the Display adapter properties link.

In the Display adapter properties window, click the Advanced tab. Under the Adapter options section, select the Troubleshoot tab.

In the Troubleshoot tab, click the Change settings button. Under the Display mode section, select the Highest available option.

Click OK to close the Display adapter properties window.

Next, open the Settings app and go to System > Power & sleep. Under the Power mode section, click the Additional power settings link.

In the Power Options window, click the Choose what the power button does link.

In the Choose what the power button does window, click the Change settings that are currently unavailable link.

Under the Shutdown settings section, select the Hibernate option.

Click OK to close the Choose what the power button does window.

Finally, open the Settings app and go to Gaming > Game bar. Under the Game bar section, turn off the Game bar option.

By following these steps, you can optimize Windows 10 for gaming and improve your gaming performance.

VII. Setting up a gaming rig

Once you've built your gaming rig, it's time to set it up and start gaming. Here are a few things you need to do:

  • Install Windows 10 or your preferred operating system.
  • Install the latest drivers for your graphics card, motherboard, and other hardware.
  • Configure your graphics card settings for optimal performance.
  • Install your favorite games and start playing!

For more detailed instructions on setting up your gaming rig, check out our guide on installing Windows and loading drivers.

Once your gaming rig is set up, you can start enjoying your favorite games. Here are a few tips for getting the most out of your gaming experience:

  • Use a high-quality monitor with a fast refresh rate.
  • Use a gaming mouse and keyboard.
  • Invest in a good sound system.
  • Create a comfortable gaming environment.

By following these tips, you can make your gaming rig the ultimate gaming experience.

Troubleshooting common problems

VIII. Troubleshooting common problems

Here are some common problems that you may encounter when building your own PC and how to troubleshoot them:

  • The computer doesn't turn on
  • The computer turns on but doesn't display anything on the screen
  • The computer freezes or crashes
  • The computer is slow
  • The computer makes strange noises

For each of these problems, there are a number of possible causes and solutions. Here are some general tips for troubleshooting:

  • Make sure that all of the cables are plugged in securely
  • Check the power supply to make sure that it is turned on and that the power cord is plugged in properly
  • Try reseating the memory modules
  • Try updating the BIOS
  • Try reinstalling the operating system

If you are still having problems, you can consult the following resources for more help:

  • The motherboard manual
  • The operating system documentation
  • The manufacturer's website
  • Online forums

Upgrading your PC

As time goes on, your PC will eventually start to slow down. This is due to a number of factors, including the accumulation of software and data, the aging of hardware components, and the release of newer, more demanding software. If you find that your PC is starting to struggle, there are a number of things you can do to improve its performance.

One of the easiest ways to improve your PC's performance is to upgrade your RAM. RAM (random access memory) is a type of memory that stores data that is currently being used by the CPU. The more RAM your PC has, the more data it can store, and the faster it will be able to process tasks.

If you're not sure how much RAM your PC has, you can check by opening the Task Manager (Ctrl+Shift+Esc). In the Performance tab, you'll see a section called Memory. The number listed under "Total" is the amount of RAM your PC has.

If you need to upgrade your RAM, you'll need to buy a memory module that is compatible with your motherboard. You can find a list of compatible memory modules on your motherboard manufacturer's website.

Once you've purchased a memory module, you can install it by opening your PC's case and locating the memory slots. The memory slots are usually located near the CPU.

To install the memory module, simply align the notch on the module with the notch on the slot and press down until it snaps into place.

Once the memory module is installed, you'll need to restart your PC.

After your PC has restarted, you can check to make sure that the memory module was installed correctly by opening the Task Manager (Ctrl+Shift+Esc). In the Performance tab, you should see the amount of RAM listed under "Total" has increased.

If you're still experiencing performance problems after upgrading your RAM, you may need to upgrade your CPU or graphics card.

Upgrading your CPU is a more involved process than upgrading your RAM, and it's important to make sure that you're buying a CPU that is compatible with your motherboard. You can find a list of compatible CPUs on your motherboard manufacturer's website.

To upgrade your CPU, you'll need to open your PC's case and locate the CPU socket. The CPU socket is usually located near the RAM slots.

To remove the old CPU, you'll need to first unlock the lever on the side of the socket. Once the lever is unlocked, you can gently lift the old CPU out of the socket.

To install the new CPU, simply align the notch on the CPU with the notch on the socket and press down until it snaps into place.

Once the new CPU is installed, you'll need to replace the lever on the side of the socket and close your PC's case.

After your PC has restarted, you can check to make sure that the CPU was installed correctly by opening the Task Manager (Ctrl+Shift+Esc). In the Performance tab, you should see the CPU speed listed under "Speed".

Upgrading your graphics card is another way to improve your PC's performance. If you're a gamer, a graphics card upgrade can make a big difference in the quality of your gaming experience.

To upgrade your graphics card, you'll need to open your PC's case and locate the graphics card slot. The graphics card slot is usually located near the top of the motherboard.

To remove the old graphics card, you'll need to first disconnect the power cables from the card. Once the power cables are disconnected, you can gently lift the old graphics card out of the slot.

To install the new graphics card, simply align the notch on the card with the notch on the slot and press down until it snaps into place.

Once the new graphics card is installed, you'll need to reconnect the power cables and close your PC's case.

After your PC has restarted, you can check to make sure that the graphics card was installed correctly by opening the Device Manager (devmgmt.msc). In the Display adapters section, you should see the new graphics card listed.

Upgrading your PC can be a great way to improve its performance. By upgrading your RAM, CPU,Maintaining your PC

Here are some tips for maintaining your PC: Keep your PC clean. Dust and dirt can build up inside your PC and cause it to overheat. To clean your PC, use a can of compressed air to blow out the dust from the vents. You can also use a soft cloth to wipe down the outside of your PC. Update your drivers. Windows releases new drivers for your PC's hardware periodically. It's important to install these updates to keep your PC running smoothly. You can check for driver updates in the Windows Update settings. Run a disk cleanup. The Disk Cleanup utility can help you free up space on your hard drive by deleting unnecessary files. To run Disk Cleanup, open the Start menu and type "disk cleanup." Defragment your hard drive. Defragmenting your hard drive can improve its performance by rearranging the files on it so that they are stored in contiguous blocks. To defragment your hard drive, open the Start menu and type "defragment." Back up your data. It's important to back up your data regularly in case your hard drive fails. You can back up your data to an external hard drive, a cloud storage service, or a USB flash drive. Use a antivirus software. Antivirus software can help protect your PC from malware infections. Make sure to keep your antivirus software up to date with the latest virus definitions. Use a firewall. A firewall can help protect your PC from unauthorized access. Make sure to enable your firewall and keep it up to date with the latest security patches. By following these tips, you can help keep your PC running smoothly and securely.

How to Install Windows 10 on a New PC

This guide will walk you through the process of installing Windows 10 on a new PC. We’ll cover everything from creating a bootable USB drive to installing the operating system.

## 1. Create a bootable USB drive

The first step is to create a bootable USB drive that you can use to install Windows 10. You can do this using the Media Creation Tool from Microsoft.

To download the Media Creation Tool, go to the following website:

https://www.microsoft.com/software-download/windows10

Once you have downloaded the Media Creation Tool, run it and follow the on-screen instructions.

When the tool is finished, you will have a bootable USB drive that you can use to install Windows 10.

## 2. Install Windows 10

Once you have created a bootable USB drive, you can start the installation process.

To do this, turn on your PC and insert the USB drive.

Your PC will automatically boot from the USB drive. If it does not, you may need to change the boot order in your BIOS.

Once your PC has booted from the USB drive, you will be presented with a screen that asks you to select your language and keyboard layout.

Select your language and keyboard layout and click “Next”.

You will then be presented with a screen that asks you to accept the terms of the license agreement.

Click “Accept” to continue.

You will then be asked to choose a type of installation.

For a clean install, select “Custom: Install Windows only (advanced)”.

You will then be prompted to select the drive where you want to install Windows 10.

Select the drive and click “Next”.

Windows 10 will now begin to install.

The installation process may take a few minutes.

Once the installation is complete, you will be presented with a screen that asks you to create a username and password.

Enter your username and password and click “Sign in”.

You will then be taken to the Windows 10 desktop.

## 3. Activate Windows 10

After you have installed Windows 10, you will need to activate it.

To do this, open the Settings app and go to “Update & Security > Activation”.

Under the “Activation” section, you will see a message that tells you whether your copy of Windows 10 is activated.

If your copy of Windows 10 is not activated, you can click the “Activate Windows” button to activate it.

You can activate Windows 10 using a digital license or a product key.

If you have a digital license, you can activate Windows 10 by clicking the “I have a digital license” link and entering your Microsoft account password.

If you have a product key, you can activate Windows 10 by entering the product key in the “Product key” field.

Once you have activated Windows 10, you will be able to use all of the features of the operating system.

Installing Windows 10

To install Windows 10, you will need a USB flash drive with at least 8GB of storage space. You can download the Windows 10 installation media from Microsoft’s website.

Once you have downloaded the installation media, follow these steps to install Windows 10:

  1. Boot your computer from the USB flash drive.
  2. Select your language and keyboard layout.
  3. Click “Install Now”.
  4. Accept the license terms.
  5. Select the edition of Windows 10 you want to install.
  6. Choose a location to install Windows 10.
  7. Select a username and password for your account.
  8. Click “Install”.

Windows 10 will now be installed on your computer.

III. Building the PC

This section will walk you through the process of building your own PC. We’ll start by gathering the necessary parts, then we’ll put them together step-by-step.

Gathering the parts

The first step is to gather the parts you need for your PC. This includes the following:

  • CPU
  • Motherboard
  • Memory
  • Storage
  • Graphics card
  • Power supply
  • Case
  • Cooling

You can find a list of recommended parts for your budget on our build a PC page.

Putting it together

Once you have all of your parts, you can start putting your PC together. This process is fairly straightforward, but there are a few things you need to keep in mind.

First, make sure that you have a flat surface to work on. You’ll also need a Phillips head screwdriver and some thermal paste.

Next, install the CPU and cooler in the motherboard. Make sure that the CPU is properly aligned with the socket and that the cooler is installed securely.

Then, install the memory in the motherboard. The memory slots are usually located near the CPU.

After that, install the storage drive in the case. The storage drive can be either a hard drive or a solid-state drive.

Next, install the graphics card in the motherboard. The graphics card slot is usually located near the top of the motherboard.

Then, install the power supply in the case. The power supply is usually located at the bottom of the case.

Finally, connect all of the cables to the motherboard and the power supply.

Once you’ve connected all of the cables, you can turn on your PC and see if it works.

4. Installing Windows 10

Once you have built your PC, the next step is to install Windows 10. This process is relatively simple, but there are a few things you need to know before you get started.

First, you will need to download the Windows 10 installation media. You can do this from the Microsoft website. Once you have downloaded the media, you will need to create a bootable USB drive. This can be done using a variety of tools, such as the Windows 10 Media Creation Tool.

Once you have created the bootable USB drive, you can start the installation process. To do this, simply insert the USB drive into your PC and turn it on. You will then be prompted to boot from the USB drive.

The installation process will walk you through the steps of installing Windows 10. You will need to select your language, region, and keyboard layout. You will also need to create a username and password for your account.

Once the installation is complete, you will be able to start using Windows 10 on your new PC.

5. Installing Drivers

Once you have installed Windows 10, the next step is to install the drivers for your hardware. Drivers are software that allow your computer to communicate with your hardware devices, such as your graphics card, sound card, and network adapter.

You can usually find the drivers for your hardware on the manufacturer’s website. Once you have downloaded the drivers, you can install them by following the instructions on the manufacturer’s website.

If you are having trouble finding or installing the drivers for your hardware, you can use a driver updater tool. Driver updater tools scan your computer for outdated or missing drivers and automatically install the latest versions.

Here are some of the most popular driver updater tools:

Once you have installed the drivers for your hardware, you should restart your computer. This will ensure that the drivers are properly installed and that your hardware is functioning correctly.

VI. Optimizing Windows 10 for gaming

Once you have installed Windows 10 and the necessary drivers, it is time to optimize the operating system for gaming. This can be done by making a few changes to the settings.

First, open the Settings app and go to System > Display. Under the Advanced display settings section, click the Display adapter properties link.

In the Display adapter properties window, click the Advanced tab. Under the Adapter options section, select the Troubleshoot tab.

In the Troubleshoot tab, click the Change settings button. Under the Display mode section, select the Highest available option.

Click OK to close the Display adapter properties window.

Next, open the Settings app and go to System > Power & sleep. Under the Power mode section, click the Additional power settings link.

In the Power Options window, click the Choose what the power button does link.

In the Choose what the power button does window, click the Change settings that are currently unavailable link.

Under the Shutdown settings section, select the Hibernate option.

Click OK to close the Choose what the power button does window.

Finally, open the Settings app and go to Gaming > Game bar. Under the Game bar section, turn off the Game bar option.

By following these steps, you can optimize Windows 10 for gaming and improve your gaming performance.

VII. Setting up a gaming rig

Once you’ve built your gaming rig, it’s time to set it up and start gaming. Here are a few things you need to do:

  • Install Windows 10 or your preferred operating system.
  • Install the latest drivers for your graphics card, motherboard, and other hardware.
  • Configure your graphics card settings for optimal performance.
  • Install your favorite games and start playing!

For more detailed instructions on setting up your gaming rig, check out our guide on installing Windows and loading drivers.

Once your gaming rig is set up, you can start enjoying your favorite games. Here are a few tips for getting the most out of your gaming experience:

  • Use a high-quality monitor with a fast refresh rate.
  • Use a gaming mouse and keyboard.
  • Invest in a good sound system.
  • Create a comfortable gaming environment.

By following these tips, you can make your gaming rig the ultimate gaming experience.

Troubleshooting common problems

VIII. Troubleshooting common problems

Here are some common problems that you may encounter when building your own PC and how to troubleshoot them:

  • The computer doesn’t turn on
  • The computer turns on but doesn’t display anything on the screen
  • The computer freezes or crashes
  • The computer is slow
  • The computer makes strange noises

For each of these problems, there are a number of possible causes and solutions. Here are some general tips for troubleshooting:

  • Make sure that all of the cables are plugged in securely
  • Check the power supply to make sure that it is turned on and that the power cord is plugged in properly
  • Try reseating the memory modules
  • Try updating the BIOS
  • Try reinstalling the operating system

If you are still having problems, you can consult the following resources for more help:

  • The motherboard manual
  • The operating system documentation
  • The manufacturer’s website
  • Online forums

Upgrading your PC

As time goes on, your PC will eventually start to slow down. This is due to a number of factors, including the accumulation of software and data, the aging of hardware components, and the release of newer, more demanding software. If you find that your PC is starting to struggle, there are a number of things you can do to improve its performance.

One of the easiest ways to improve your PC’s performance is to upgrade your RAM. RAM (random access memory) is a type of memory that stores data that is currently being used by the CPU. The more RAM your PC has, the more data it can store, and the faster it will be able to process tasks.

If you’re not sure how much RAM your PC has, you can check by opening the Task Manager (Ctrl+Shift+Esc). In the Performance tab, you’ll see a section called Memory. The number listed under “Total” is the amount of RAM your PC has.

If you need to upgrade your RAM, you’ll need to buy a memory module that is compatible with your motherboard. You can find a list of compatible memory modules on your motherboard manufacturer’s website.

Once you’ve purchased a memory module, you can install it by opening your PC’s case and locating the memory slots. The memory slots are usually located near the CPU.

To install the memory module, simply align the notch on the module with the notch on the slot and press down until it snaps into place.

Once the memory module is installed, you’ll need to restart your PC.

After your PC has restarted, you can check to make sure that the memory module was installed correctly by opening the Task Manager (Ctrl+Shift+Esc). In the Performance tab, you should see the amount of RAM listed under “Total” has increased.

If you’re still experiencing performance problems after upgrading your RAM, you may need to upgrade your CPU or graphics card.

Upgrading your CPU is a more involved process than upgrading your RAM, and it’s important to make sure that you’re buying a CPU that is compatible with your motherboard. You can find a list of compatible CPUs on your motherboard manufacturer’s website.

To upgrade your CPU, you’ll need to open your PC’s case and locate the CPU socket. The CPU socket is usually located near the RAM slots.

To remove the old CPU, you’ll need to first unlock the lever on the side of the socket. Once the lever is unlocked, you can gently lift the old CPU out of the socket.

To install the new CPU, simply align the notch on the CPU with the notch on the socket and press down until it snaps into place.

Once the new CPU is installed, you’ll need to replace the lever on the side of the socket and close your PC’s case.

After your PC has restarted, you can check to make sure that the CPU was installed correctly by opening the Task Manager (Ctrl+Shift+Esc). In the Performance tab, you should see the CPU speed listed under “Speed”.

Upgrading your graphics card is another way to improve your PC’s performance. If you’re a gamer, a graphics card upgrade can make a big difference in the quality of your gaming experience.

To upgrade your graphics card, you’ll need to open your PC’s case and locate the graphics card slot. The graphics card slot is usually located near the top of the motherboard.

To remove the old graphics card, you’ll need to first disconnect the power cables from the card. Once the power cables are disconnected, you can gently lift the old graphics card out of the slot.

To install the new graphics card, simply align the notch on the card with the notch on the slot and press down until it snaps into place.

Once the new graphics card is installed, you’ll need to reconnect the power cables and close your PC’s case.

After your PC has restarted, you can check to make sure that the graphics card was installed correctly by opening the Device Manager (devmgmt.msc). In the Display adapters section, you should see the new graphics card listed.

Upgrading your PC can be a great way to improve its performance. By upgrading your RAM, CPU,Maintaining your PC

Here are some tips for maintaining your PC:

Keep your PC clean. Dust and dirt can build up inside your PC and cause it to overheat. To clean your PC, use a can of compressed air to blow out the dust from the vents. You can also use a soft cloth to wipe down the outside of your PC.
Update your drivers. Windows releases new drivers for your PC’s hardware periodically. It’s important to install these updates to keep your PC running smoothly. You can check for driver updates in the Windows Update settings.
Run a disk cleanup. The Disk Cleanup utility can help you free up space on your hard drive by deleting unnecessary files. To run Disk Cleanup, open the Start menu and type “disk cleanup.”
Defragment your hard drive. Defragmenting your hard drive can improve its performance by rearranging the files on it so that they are stored in contiguous blocks. To defragment your hard drive, open the Start menu and type “defragment.”
Back up your data. It’s important to back up your data regularly in case your hard drive fails. You can back up your data to an external hard drive, a cloud storage service, or a USB flash drive.
Use a antivirus software. Antivirus software can help protect your PC from malware infections. Make sure to keep your antivirus software up to date with the latest virus definitions.
Use a firewall. A firewall can help protect your PC from unauthorized access. Make sure to enable your firewall and keep it up to date with the latest security patches.

By following these tips, you can help keep your PC running smoothly and securely.

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